These messages are due to incorrect default value of
core.autocrlf on Windows.
The concept of
autocrlf is to handle line endings conversions transparently. And it does!
Bad news: value needs to be configured manually.
Good news: it should only be done ONE time per git installation (per project setting is also possible).
core.autocrlf=true: core.autocrlf=input: core.autocrlf=false: repo repo repo / \ / \ / \ crlf->lf lf->crlf crlf->lf \ / \ / \ / \ / \
crlf = win-style end-of-line marker,
lf = unix-style.
cr (mac-style) in not affected for any of three options above.
When does this warning show up (under Windows)
true if you have unix-style
lf in one of your files (= RARELY),
input if you have win-style
crlf in one of your files (= almost ALWAYS),
false – NEVER!
What does this warning mean
The warning “LF will be replaced by CRLF” says that you (having
true) will lose your unix-style LF after commit-checkout cycle (it will be replaced by windows-style CRLF). Git doesn’t expect you to use unix-style LF under windows.
The warning “CRLF will be replaced by LF” says that you (having
input) will lose your windows-style CRLF after a commit-checkout cycle (it will be replaced by unix-style LF). Don’t use
input under windows.
Yet another way to show how
1) true: x -> LF -> CRLF 2) input: x -> LF -> LF 3) false: x -> x -> x
where x is either CRLF (windows-style) or LF (unix-style) and arrows stand for
file to commit -> repository -> checked out file
How to fix
Default value for
core.autocrlf is selected during git installation and stored in system-wide gitconfig (
%ProgramFiles(x86)%\git\etc\gitconfig). Also there’re (cascading in the following order):
– “global” (per-user) gitconfig located at
~/.gitconfig, yet another
– “global” (per-user) gitconfig at
– “local” (per-repo) gitconfig at
.git/config in the working dir.
git config core.autocrlf in the working dir to check the currently used value and
autocrlf=false to system-wide gitconfig # per-system solution
git config --global core.autocrlf false # per-user solution
git config --local core.autocrlf false # per-project solution
Moral (for Windows):
true if you plan to use this project under Unix as well (and unwilling to configure your editor/IDE to use unix line endings),
false if you plan to use this project under Windows only (or you have configured your editor/IDE to use unix line endings),
– never use
input unless you have a good reason to (eg if you’re using unix utilities under windows or if you run into makefiles issues),
PS What to choose when installing git for Windows?
If you’re not going to use any of your projects under Unix, don’t agree with the default first option. Choose the third one (Checkout as-is, commit as-is). You won’t see this message. Ever.
PPS My personal preference is configuring the editor/IDE to use Unix-style endings, and setting
git config settings can be overridden by